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Task Work Orders




Technical and Administrative Support

This task order relates to the provision of technical, contractual, and administrative services necessary for management of this contract.


Multimodal Mobility Performance Measures Summits

This task order relates to the development of multimodal mobility performance measures. Cambridge Systematics, Inc. (CS) will work with FDOT to plan, participate in, and summarize two multimodal Mobility Performance Measures Summits to establish a plan for the direction of FDOT’s multimodal mobility performance measures program and supporting data programs. The summits will be held in December 2012 and/or January 2013 in the Tallahassee area.


Multimodal PM Coordination

This task order relates to the development and coordination of multimodal mobility performance measures and related activities, including freight coordination within FDOT, MAP‐21 coordination to ensure FDOT is consistent with FHWA guidance, travel time reliability coordination within FDOT, multimodal database coordination within FDOT, and presentation materials.


Update of Multimodal Source Book and Calculation Routines

This task order involves updating the TranStat’s Source Book and the associated calculation routines. It is anticipated the current Source Book will be divided into two: the first with a focus on multimodal performance measures and the second with a focus on general interest mileage and roadway data. Both will be addressed in this task order.


Technical Support for Subs

This task order relates to the provision of technical, contractual, and administrative services by subconsultants.


City/County Mileage Reporting System (Form-TM) Update

The Form-TM application was developed in 2002 to provide a method for counties, cities, and MPOs to report their mileage information to the FDOT Central Office. This task order involves the update of the current Form-TM application to allow direct access by the HPMS software, enhance the reporting capabilities, and repair of some errors found in the original software.


HCM Bike Level of Service Model for Arterial Roadways

This task order involves updating the Highway Capacity Manual’s methodology for calculating bicycle level of service. The current methodology based on research from NCHRP report 3-70 does not adequately account for delay experienced by cyclists at intersections in measuring bike level of service.


Bicycle and Pedestrian LOS Evaluation

This task will provide bicycle LOS data for each nonfreeway facility of the State Highway System for the entire state. Pedestrian LOS data will be provided for each nonfreeway facility of the State Highway System in developed areas of the state. The project will make use of motorized vehicle volumes, and pedestrian and bicycle facility data and roadway laneage data available in the Roadway Characteristics Inventory (RCI). The methodology will make use of FDOT’s 2012 Generalized Service Volume Tables.


Pedestrian and Bicycle Roadway Characteristics Inventory

The primary purpose of this task is to populate the characteristics within appropriate Roadway Characteristics Inventory (RCI) for all roadways with bicycle and pedestrian facilities. The consultant will identify signalized intersections.

TWO 10

SHRP 2 L-08 Assessment of Practical Application

This task order focuses on Florida Department of Transportation’s review of nationally recommended travel time reliability (TTR) practices and assessment for statewide application. The purpose of this review is to amplify Florida’s voice in the national discussion on the application of travel time reliability. Guiding methodologies for conducting, assessing, and reporting travel time reliability will be implemented this summer. This review will include an examination of the definitions of reliability as well as the freeway and urban street methodologies. Further review efforts will focus on the development of the scenario generator and modal enhancements.

TWO 11

FDOT Reliability Model Independent Testing

This task order will build on the current experience with the model, validate it, and investigate additional methods for predicting reliability that could be appropriate for Florida. FDOT is the first state DOT to develop and apply its own travel time reliability prediction model for freeways statewide. It will soon be expanded to include major arterials. As a result, Florida is the only state that can produce reliability estimates for major highways within its borders. The model can be run to produce estimates of current performance in lieu of using travel time data and is capable of producing future forecasts of reliability. With the availability of robust travel speed data, Florida may eventually use the model solely for forecasting.

TWO 12

Trip-Oriented Mobility Monitoring Framework Development

This task will create both a conceptual and an empirical framework for studying trip-based mobility. Both are needed because so little is known about how to produce trip-based metrics and how to use them in planning and operations.

TWO 13

Travel Time Reliability Level of Service (LOS) Approach Development and Testing

In this task, the CS team will build on the exploratory work conducted for FDOT and SHRP 2 L08 on defining reliability LOS for freeways. Setting LOS requires two tasks: determining the service measure on which LOS is based and setting the thresholds for the LOS levels, A through F.

TWO 14

SHRP 2 Reliability Product Implementation Scoping Study

The SHRP 2 Reliability Program has produced several analytic products for monitoring, predicting, and using travel reliability. Use of these products is vital to integrating reliability into standard practice, especially for estimating the benefits of transportation improvements. Under SHRP 2 Project L38, several agencies shave been selected to implement these products in real-world settings. These products represent the state of the art in travel time reliability analysis. As a leader in travel time reliability analysis and performance measures, FDOT needs to implement and test these products independently of the SHRP 2 program. To accomplish this implementation and testing, this task order will develop detailed Implementation Plans for each of the SHRP 2 products being deployed under Project L38.

TWO 15

SIS and NHS Connector Highway Adequacy Analyses

The CS Team will conduct a highway adequacy analysis of the designated Strategic Intermodal System (SIS) and National Highway System (NHS) connector facilities in Florida. The focus of the analysis will be on the following tasks: data collection, determining a methodology to analyze the connectors, conducting the highway analysis, field checking the results of the analysis, and summarizing and presenting the results.

TWO 16

Asset Management Support

The objectives of this effort are to review the Transportation Asset Management Plan (TAMP) requirements defined in MAP-21 and subsequent work by the FHWA; conduct a workshop with FDOT staff to define an approach for meeting the requirements; and write a work plan for TAMP development.

TWO 17

Use of Multiple Data Sources for Monitoring Mobility Performance

This task will assess the feasibility of using real time data for mobility performance measurement and develop recommended standard procedures for processing the real time data into mobility performance measures using these data. FDOT has established a set of mobility performance measures to be reported and used statewide. Several of these measures are based on travel time, speed, or volume data that can be collected automatically by roadside or probe devices. Currently the statewide measures are based on modeled speed or travel time data. The feasibility of using real time data will be assessed and if proven feasible – a transition plan from using modeled data to real time will be recommended. Travel time data can be obtained from several sources: GPS-equipped vehicles, roadway-based vehicle probe detectors (e.g., Bluetooth and toll tag readers), and roadway-based traffic flow detector data, and private vendor data. This task will address several related mobility performance measures, including travel time reliability. Since volume data procedures are very well defined, this task will focus on speed measurement.

TWO 18

Evaluation of the Draft Highway Capacity Manual Chapter 36/Travel Time Reliability Methodology on Florida PD&E Studies

The Florida Department of Transportation requires planning consultant services to support the testing of the SHRP2 L08 Draft Chapter 36 for the Highway Capacity Manual (and its supporting Chapter 37) in a realistic application of the travel time reliability prediction methodologies and performance measures described in these chapters in a typical FDOT PD&E study for two freeway corridors. The purpose of these tests is to better understand the strengths and weaknesses of these methodologies and performance measures, and to identify improvements that may be required for their real world application. Another outcome of this effort will be insights into how FDOT’s PD&E Manual and procedures might be improved to take advantage of the additional information on travel time reliability provided by the Chapter 36 procedures for the generation of project purpose and need statements and the analysis of project alternatives.

There is very limited guidance in the FDOT Project Development and Environment (PD&E) Manual related to traffic analysis. Nearly all of the guidance related to traffic in support of PD&E studies comes from the Project Traffic Forecasting Handbook. Neither of these documents mentions travel time reliability and, from our firsthand knowledge doing this type of work for FDOT Districts and elsewhere, the concept of travel time reliability is virtually unknown among most planning and engineering staff involved in PD&E analysis.

In the past, FHWA has required HCM analysis for substantial freeway system capacity improvements. It is possible that the newly developed HCM Chapters 36 and 37 will be used for PD&E analysis in the future.

This task order will evaluate the application of Chapters 36 and 37 in PD&E studies in Florida and make recommendations on how travel time reliability should be analyzed in substantial freeway system capacity improvements. These recommendations may or may not include the use of Chapters 36 and 37. In this task, the KAI/CS team will conduct the traffic portions of two PD&E freeway corridor studies using the Chapter 36 methodologies to estimate travel time reliability.

TWO 19

Develop and Test Travel Time Reliability Performance Measures on Express Lanes

The purpose of this effort is to determine methods, procedures, and criteria for measuring the travel time reliability and operational effectiveness of Express Lane facilities in the State of Florida. This task will develop mobility performance measures, focusing on travel time reliability, for priced express lanes known as Express Lanes in Florida. Express Lanes will be considered as an alternative on all future capacity projects on limited access facilities. As Florida constructs new Express Lanes and converts existing high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes into Express Lanes, there is a need to evaluate and monitor their effectiveness. The effectiveness of Express Lanes is dependent on a number of factors including travel time reliability, throughput, and customer satisfaction. The effectiveness of Express Lanes is one part of the overall effectiveness of the entire freeway facility. The evaluation of Express Lanes will assess the usage and performance of the lanes and the adjacent general-purpose lanes.

Travelers expect to achieve greater mobility by using Express Lanes. Express Lane are meant to carry more people through incentives unlike general purpose lanes, travelers using Express Lanes should expect greater trip travel time reliability as opposed to travelers using general purpose lanes. Express Lanes by definition should have a faster and more reliable trip. The reliability is promoted through setting a price that allows drivers to maintain consistent speed. In practice, as traffic volumes increase, speeds decrease, and toll prices increase. These higher tolls discourage drivers from using the Express Lanes. The objective of this project is to determine how mobility and travel time reliability on Express Lanes is measured.

TWO 20

Develop TOPS-BC for Florida DOT Applications

FHWA has developed methodology for assessing the benefits of operations projects and for producing a benefit/cost (B/C) ratio for these projects. An operations B/C decision support tool, called the Tool for Operations Benefit/Cost (TOPS-BC), was developed for this purpose. This spreadsheet-based tool is designed to assist practitioners in conducting benefit/cost analysis by providing several key capabilities, including:

  • Ability for users to investigate the expected range of impacts associated with previous deployments and analyses of many transportation systems management and operations (TSM&O) strategies;
  • Screening mechanism to help users identify appropriate tools and methodologies for conducting a B/C analysis based on their analysis needs;
  • Framework and default cost data to estimate the life-cycle costs of various TSM&O strategies, including capital, replacement, and continuing operations and maintenance (O&M) costs; and
  • Framework and suggested impact values for conduct simple B/C analysis for selected TSM&O strategies.

Florida DOT desires to adapt the TOPS-BC tool for use in Florida by identifying and tailoring input that is specific to Florida deployments and context. The objectives of this effort are to define input data needed for the TOPS-BC spreadsheets; identify Florida specific data that is available as input to TOPS-BC; conduct tests of TOPS-BC in Florida scenarios; and develop a Florida DOT TOPS-BC Guidebook, revised Florida specific TOPS-BC spreadsheets and provide technical support to FDOT Districts.

TWO 21

Comparison of Performance Measurement Approaches (Highway Capacity Manual, Texas A&M Transportation Institute and Florida DOT)

FDOT hosted two workshops in December 2012 and January 2013 to discuss overall approaches and implementation needs related to FDOT mobility performance measures. One of the topics discussed at length in both workshops was perceived similarities and differences between the performance measurement approaches outlined in the Highway Capacity Manual (HCM), which FDOT primarily relies on, and those approaches used by the Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI). A concise and objective summary of these similarities and differences is needed to reach consensus on preferred approaches.

This task order relates to an analysis that compares and contrasts performance measurement approaches outlined in the HCM, those developed and used by TTI, and FDOT’s current approaches. The comparison will be used to inform ongoing discussions within Florida and at the national level about consensus approaches for mobility performance measures. This task order will result in a concise final report that compares and contrasts performance measurement approaches outlined in the Highway Capacity Manual (and applied by FDOT) to approaches developed and used by TTI. A workshop with FDOT will be held prior to the final report to discuss and finalize preliminary recommendations provided by the team. This report could be disseminated and/or copresented to various national professional organizations, to better inform decision-making regarding mobility performance measures as required in MAP-21 legislation.

TTI will work with FDOT, Cambridge Systematics, and Kittelson & Associates as necessary to outline (for the HCM, TTI, and FDOT approaches) the performance measure principles, specific calculation details, and other elements that should be compared and contrasted.

TWO 22

SHRP 2 Travel Time Reliability Analytical Product Implementation

Planners and designers have not traditionally measured travel time reliability when evaluating facility performance. Reliability measures provide a better indicator for operational improvements in congested conditions and allow analysts to evaluate their benefits and more accurately prioritize them in relation to conventional capacity improvements. To estimate facility performance under alternative capacity and operation improvement strategies new analysis methods and tools that evaluate travel time reliability are required. Specifically, there is a need for tools and methods that support transportation planning for operations in the FDOT central office and in the FDOT districts.

The SHRP 2 Reliability Program is nearing completion of five analytical products that can aid in diagnosing the nature of reliability problems, identifying possible corrective actions, and analyzing the probable effect on travel time reliability when implementing those actions. A project called SHRP 2 L38 has just started to test these products in real world situations and provide feedback to SHRP 2 on the applicability and usefulness (benefits and value) of the products tested, suggest potential refinements, and assist agencies in moving reliability into their business practices.

The SHRP 2 projects involved in the L38 implementation testing project are:

  • L02: Establishing Monitoring Programs for Travel Time Reliability;
  • L05: Incorporating Reliability Performance Measures into the Transportation Planning and Programming Process;
  • L07: Evaluation of Costs and Effectiveness of Highway Design Features to Improve Travel Time Reliability;
  • L08: Incorporation of Nonrecurrent Congestion Factors into Highway Capacity Manual Methods; and
  • C11: Development of Improved Economic Analysis Tools.

The ongoing SHRP 2 L38 project provides FDOT with a rare opportunity to accelerate its efforts to improve its tools and methods for planning for operations by making available several new tools and methods for reliability analysis and by providing a framework for testing on a national level as well as within the State of Florida. Through this task order FDOT will be able to take advantage of national tests of the SHRP2 tools (plus SHRP 2 funded technical support for those tools as part of L38 project) as well as its own within state tests to improve the agency’s ability to plan for operations.

TWO 23

Statewide Lane Elimination Guidance

This task work order develops guidance that Districts may use to develop procedures for reviewing requests for eliminating lanes on state roadways. Local governments (including cities and counties) and agencies such as metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) typically request the elimination of lanes on state roads so that the recovered land can be converted to bicycle lanes, wider sidewalks, landscaping, on-street parking, or other purposes so as to promote use of nonautomobile modes, contribute to more livable environments (e.g., by reducing pedestrian crossing distances and traffic speeds), and/or contribute to economic development and vitality.

TWO 24

Develop MPM Training Plan

This task work order develops training for stakeholders on the multimodal performance measures program.

One of the goals of the Multimodal Performance Measures Program Plan is to provide guidance on mobility performance measures to State and MPO stakeholders. The objectives of this goal are to educate, collaborate, and communicate the outcomes and activities of the MPM program to all stakeholders. Stakeholders include modal, planning, operations, PD&E, ITS, and executive management offices within FDOT, and MPOs. Developing and administering technical guidance and training are strategies for accomplishing this goal.

TWO 25

Accessibility Performance Measure Review

This task work order involves the review of current practices in mobility performance measures for accessibility and recommendations for FDOT to apply the measures.

FDOT currently reports on accessibility on its annual Multimodal Performance Measures Source Book for pedestrian and bike modes. FDOT has identified potential accessibility measures related to highways to be incorporated in future reports. This task will identify performance measures that are currently being used or considered to evaluate accessibility, what data is needed to develop these performance measures, the ease of measuring, and the pros and cons of incorporating these measures into a more comprehensive transportation performance measurement program. The research will include an examination of recently published material from national research databases and a review of work conducted by the University of Minnesota, the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT), and by Cambridge Systematics, Inc. for the Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT). It will also include relevant international research. Finally, the task work order will develop a methodology for use of accessibility in the 2015 Source Book.

TWO 26

Statewide Lane Elimination Guidance Phase 2

Phase 2 will use the information in the resource document and feedback from Department staff
to prepare example review processes (which may include checklists) and assemble a guidebook that
consolidates the Phase 1 and Phase 2 work.

TWO 27

South Florida Mobility Performance Measures Extraction Procedures from Source Book

To support development of performance measures by MPOs for MAP-21 purposes, the task elements in this scope focus on testing and evaluating performance measures extraction procedures in Southeast Florida (Palm Beach, Broward, and Miami-Dade) on different bases using 2013 Source Book information.

TWO 28

Freight Performance Measures Metrics Development

This task work order will develop statewide freight mobility measures.

TWO 29

Mobility Target Setting Methods

This task work order will conduct research and make recommendations to targets for mobility measures.